Cancer is a disease caused by rapid growth and uncontrollable division of abnormal cells. Visit the Cancer Council Australia website for more information about cancer. (https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/what-is-cancer/).
Below are the specific type of cancers included in the Australian Cancer Atlas. Further information about these cancers can be found at the Cancer Council Australia website (https://www.cancer.org.au/about-cancer/types-of-cancer/).
|Cancer type (ICD-10 codes)||Description|
Average number of diagnoses per year
5-year excess deaths %
|All malignant cancer (C00–C97, D45, D46, D47.1, D47.3–D47.5)||All malignant cancers combined|
|Prostate cancer (C61)||Prostate gland|
|Breast cancer (female only) (C50)||Breast (excluding skin)|
|Bowel cancer (Colorectal cancer)|
|Inner lining of the large bowel (colon) or rectum. Also known as colorectal cancer|
|Melanoma of the skin (C43)||Melanocytes (pigmented cells) of the skin. Excludes non-melanoma skin cancers|
|Lung cancer (C33- C34)||Lung, trachea, bronchus|
|Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (C82-C86)||Lymphatic system|
|Head and neck cancer (C00-C14, C30-C32)||Tissue or lymph nodes in the head and neck area [mouth, lip, tongue, palate, jaw, salivary|
voice box (larynx),
nasal cavity, middle ear and accessory sinuses].
|Leukaemia (C91-C95)||White blood cells of the bone marrow|
|Kidney cancer (C64)||Kidney. Except renal pelvis|
|Pancreatic cancer (C25)||Pancreas|
|Thyroid cancer (C73)||Thyroid gland|
|Uterine cancer (C54-C55)||Lining of the uterus, the muscle tissue (myometrium) or the connective tissue|
supporting the endometrium
|Stomach cancer (C16)||Lining of the upper part of the stomach|
|Liver cancer (C22)||Liver and intrahepatic bile ducts|
|Myeloma (C90)||Plasma cells of the bone marrow. Multiple myeloma is a subset|
|Brain cancer (C71)||Brain. Excluding cranial nerves and retrobulbar tissue|
|Oesophageal cancer (C15)||Oesophagus|
|Ovarian cancer (C56)||Ovaries|
|Cervical cancer (C53)||Lining of the cervix|
Download the PDF: NationalCancerAtlas-Cancer-Types
The average number of diagnoses and the 5-year excess deaths calculated for males, females and persons (males + females) are based on the respective years of diagnosis (2005-2014 or 2010-2014) and years at risk (2006-2014 or 2010-2014). Data provided by the Australian Institute of Health & Welfare extracted from the Australian Cancer Database.